You are good at organising activities, like to work in a team, are seen as a dependable person and have high energy levels. Then, look at management as a career option. Management implies the qualities of leadership and the capacity to motivate people to work in order to achieve clearly defined objectives. It involves taking decisions based on innumerable economic and other factors. Certain decisions affect employees while others do not. Planning, scheduling, decision making, controlling, etc., require information whereas evaluation of technical, economic and other factors makes management techniques important. The world of business is both exciting and challenging. Students who are keen on management as a career option after Class XII can look at BBA (Bachelor's in Business Administration) or BMS (Bachelor's in Management Studies). BBA or BMS or BBS or BBM (Bachelor's in Business Management) is essentially a three- years/four-years undergraduate degree programme and is named according to the terminology employed by different universities. BBA/BMS is a professional course and students are also shaped up accordingly. This is actually a stepping stone for MBA. Moreover, a BBA student goes through presentations, industry interaction, group exercises and corporate internships (training). After BBA, one can go in for sales and marketing, finance and accounts, human resource management, systems or even advertising jobs.

Personal Characteristics

  • Analytical skills
  • Team player
  • Communication skills
  • Ability to motivate others
  • Listening skill
  • Top Institutes (Integrated Programme / BBA/BBS/BBM/BMS)
  • IIM-lndore (Integrated MBA)
  • Delhi University (Shaheed Sukhdev College of Business Studies, Delhi University, Keshav Mahavidyalya, Deen Dayal Upadhya College) Mumbai University, Mumbai (HR-College-Mumbai, Bhavan's College-Mumbai,

    R.A. Poddar College Mumbai ,Bhavan's College-Mumbai,KPB Hinduja
    College-Mumbai, Jai Hind College-Mumbai etc) NMIMS-Mumbai: Form
    Available February/March Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies,

    Christ University,Bangalore

    Nirma University (Integrated MBA)

  • Pandit Deen Dayal Petroleum University, Gujarat

  • FDDI, Noida (Integrated BBA+MBA)

  • Central University (Integrated MBA)

  • UCBS, Shimla

  • JamiaMillialslamia, Delhi

  • GGSIPU, Delhi (A number of affiliated colleges)

  • Loyola College,Chennai

  • Madras Christian College, Chennai

  • St. Xavier's College, Kolkata

  • Presidency College, Kolkata

  • Shri Shikshayatan College, Kolkata

  • SP Jain Institute of Mgmt-Singapore, Dubai & Australia

  • IMT, Dubai

  • DAW, Indore

  • Dayalbagh University, Agra

  • Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Delhi

  • Birla Institute of Technology, Sector 1, Noida ( BBA+MBA


Would you like to do a TV show and reach out to the millions, hob-nob with glamorous personalities, write for newspapers, work for news websites? If the answer is 'yes> you are welcome to the world of mass communication. Three major sectors of mass communication are viz. print medium (newspaper and magazines), visual medium(Film and Television) and the audio medium. The Internet is the latest on the scene. You ask so many questions that friends have started hiding from you (Questioning skills), you have prying eyes (Inquisitiveness) and you are on stage all the time compering events and are considered next to Arundhati Roy in writing skills (Communication Skills) - you can be very successful in the world of Mass Comm. Channels like STAR TV, ZEE TV, NDTV, AXN, ESPN, BBC World, Cartoon Network, POGO, National Geographic, MTV, VTV, Discovery, Animal Planet; Magazines like Vivaha, Educare, Cosmopolitan, CHIP, The Franchising World; Radio channels like Radio Mirchi & others - all have mushroomed during thelast decade. So good opportunities abound for those who want to sail on this boat called 'Mass Communication'. One might have any background in XI and XII but humanities/arts is a preferred subject area. The entrance tests include questions on media based G.K. and English. IP College for girls has a creative test also where one needs to design advertisements, write radio script etc. In a mass communication course, both print and electronic media are covered, including newspapers, radio, TV and film. One also studies social issues, regulatory scenario, international media, history of media and responsibility of media. Multimedia, designing of CD- ROMs, websites are a part of these courses. One can take up office-based jobs or travelling jobs depending on one's attunement. Some jobs might require working at irregular hours. Money is good and can range, for freshers, from Rs .15,000 to Rs. 35,000 per month depending upon one's caliber and the institute where one has been educated. Later on, salaries are comparable to any other sector and depend on what you are able to deliver.

Personal Characteristics

  • Good communication skills
  • Inquisitiveness
  • Empathy
  • Computer literacy
  • Good general knowledge
  • Nose for news

Top Institutes

  • Delhi University (DCAC, IP College of Girls, Kalindi, KNC,

  • Symbiosis, Pune GGSIPU, Delhi, BJ(MC) Jamia Millia Islamia DAW, Indore

  • Manipal University, Karnataka

  • English & Foreign Language University, Hyderabad

  • St. Xaviers, Mumbai

  • Indian Institute of Mass Communication

  • Delhi University (Hindi)


The train 'Palace on Wheels', a hotel on wheels equipped with luxuries of a five-star hotel; hotels with rural ambience; palaces converted into hotels; hotels on hill tops; hotel in middle of a lake (Udaipur) are all a part of the industry called the Hotel Industry. After liberalization, the hotel industry has seen an upward swing. Both inbound and outbound tourism have increased significantly leading to a growth in hotel industry also. You would not become a cook or a waiter after a hotel management degree as a number of people might want you to believe; you would be getting managerial or a semi-managerial job. The following jobs are available. Front Office: Overseeing work of receptionists, information clerk, helping customers in 'checking in'. Housekeeping: Responsible for taking care of the facilities of a hotel e.g. cleanliness in rooms, lobby, parks, lounges and so on; inspection on regular basis, training of maids and cleaners. Marketing: Interacting with corporates and marketing a hotel's services like rooms, seminar/convention halls, parties, holiday specials etc.Kitchen: Helping in the operation of a kitchen, supervising service in the dining room, efficient use of food stuff and other supplies, managing preparation of different cuisines. Catering: Selection and pricing of interesting menu items for institutions, helping achieving consistent quality of food and services, training workers and altering various administrative aspects. After Class XII, you can go in for degree courses in hotel management institutes. You can also join the industry after graduation in any stream. Most of the big hotel chains have a graduate entry scheme and they recruit students after a group discussion and interview. A number of jobs are available abroad as well in countries like Saudi Arabia, Oman, the US, the UK, and others. Some hotel management institutes abroad offer training and placement simultaneously. Hoteliering is not a career but a life style. Go for it if you fit the bill.

Personal Characteristics

  • Physically tough
  • Inclination for taking care of people
  • Discipline

Top Institutes

  • National Council for Hotel Management and Catering Technology .

  • Welcom Group School of Hotel Administration, Manipal .

  • IHM, Aurangabad (Affiliated with Taj Group).

  • Oriental School of Hotel Management, Kerala .

  • OCLD, Delhi (Learn & Earn) .

  • Welcom Group (ITC), Gurgaon (Learn & Earn)

  • IP University, Delhi

  • BITS-Mesra, Ranchi

  • Clarks Hotel, Jaipur (Learn & Earn)

  • Prudent, Pune (Learn & Earn)

  • Bhartiya Vidyapeeth, Pune

  • IHM, Meerut

  • Jaypee Hotels Training Centre, Agra

  • Chitkara University ,Chandigarh

Employment Opportunities

  • Sales and Marketing
  • Housekeeping
  • Front office management
  • Travel and tourism sector
  • Club management
  • Call centers
  • Banking
  • Cruise ships
  • A number of private banks recruit hotel management graduates for
    customer interaction positions.


You really love Maths and sleep with the Maths book tucked under the pillow? Then you must look at a new emerging career opportunity viz. Actuarial Science. With the opening up of the life and general insurance business to the private sector and the entry of multinationals, the demand for Actuarial Science professionals in this field is growing. An actuary is a financial expert who applies mathematical and statistical methodologies for the assessment of risks - financial or otherwise. Scientific valuation of financial products is also a part of his job. An actuary uses mathematics, statistics and financial theory to study uncertain future events, especially those concerning insurance, investments and pension programmes. One can join Actuarial Society of India ( after Class XII or after graduation. The society conducts exams twice a year i.e., in May/June and November. You have to study 16 subjects for actuarial exams. These subjects are grouped as CT series, and CS series. A student becomes an associate member of ASI after clearing 300 series exam and becomes a fellow member after 400 series exam. The syllabus and course content are in conformity with the Institute of Actuaries, London. Most ASI candidates tend to be students of lOAas well and qualify for both the examinations, thus enhancing their employment prospects in the global context.Apart from the high-potential life insurance business, there are many career opportunities for qualified actuaries in general insurance, retirement benefit consultancy, and in acquisitions and mergers. The future for professional in this field is very bright, particularly in the global context. Indian actuaries can serve anywhere because of their familiarity with the English languages. The insurance business is going global and only world- class talent will survive. LIC also has an on-the-job training programme for actuaries. This is a three- year apprenticeship and the students is expected to clear the examination of the Actuarial Society. So it's time to be more calculative in life now. Just do it and you can go places.

Personal Characteristics

  • An interest in Maths

  • Logical thinking

  • Cognitive ability

  • Good Computing skills


Dho Daala, Yeh Dil Mange More! The Real Thing, Jo Chaho HoJaye) Let's make things better-All are punch lines of exciting advertisements which lure the customer to buy the product. Growing competition between firms, Indian and multinationals, has spurred marketing and advertising efforts. This has led to an increase in the number of advertising agencies in India. The main areas of work can be sub-divided into the following:

Personal Characteristics

  • Client Servicing: Professional or account executives are in touch with the
    client (advertiser), understand their marketing needs and provide
    advertising solutions. The account executive co-ordinates the activities
    with other departments so that deadlines are met.

  • Media Planning: Number crunching individuals who plan budgets; how
    much in each channel/newspaper/magazine/hoarding; what
    duration/size of advertising and so on. They use software for
    mathematical calculations so as to optimize the client & budget.
  • Creative department: Copy writers are individuals who dream up punch
    lines such as Give me red!! and who write copy-explanations of the
    product or service attributes.
  • Visualizers are individuals who plan layouts, colours, font size,
    photograph size in a newspaper advertisement, location, background,
    design between long and short shots, clothes, models for a TV

You can take various routes for getting into advertising, namely: -

  • Management: BBA/BBS/BMS or MBA. They can join advertising agencies
    as account executives or media planners.

  • Fine Arts or BFA individuals can join as visualizers.

  • English (Hons.) Copywriting is an option available to graduates in English.

Specific advertising related courses are also available to learn and enter this area. A course in Mass Communication helps an individual to enter in this area. Starting salary varies tremendously and would be dependent on an individual's background and vary from Rs.35,000 to Rs. 50,000 per month.

Personal Characterstics

  • Sensitivity to consumer behaviour
  • Creative conceptualizations
  • Visual imagination
  • Language ability
  • Openness to stand criticism
  • Negotiation Skills (Account Executives)

Top Institutes

  • College of Art, Delhi University (BFA – Applied Art)

  • NIFT

  • Pearl Academy of Fashion

  • Symbiosis-Pune (Communication Design)

  • MICA (Post-Graduate Course)

  • Institute of Communication Management, Bangalore
  • Jamia Millia Islamia, Mass Communcation Course
  • IIMC-Delhi
  • St. Xaviers College,Mumbai
  • Narsee Monjee,Mumbai
  • Bharitya Vidya Bhawan,Delhi ( Diploma)
  • National Institute of Advertsing, Delhi (Diploma)
  • EMPI, Delhi (Diploma).
  • EMDI, Pune/Mumbai


Dho Daala, Yeh Dil Mange More! The Real Thing, Jo Chaho HoJaye) Let's make things better-All are punch lines of exciting advertisements which lure the customer to buy the product. Growing competition between firms, Indian and multinationals, has spurred marketing and advertising efforts. This has led to an increase in the number of advertising agencies in India. The main areas of work can be sub-divided into the following:

Personal Characterstics

  • Good numerical ability

  • Analytical mind to interpret data

  • Methodical approach

  • High standard of professional conduct (Ethics)

  • Patience

Employment Opportunities

  • Management consultants
  • Audit firms
  • Tax advising firms
  • Private equity/venture capital
  • Professional practice
  • Govt. organization
  • IT companies


  • The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Delhi, ( (Register before 1st April for June Exam ) and 1st October for December Exam)

(a) United Kingdom


(b)United States



  • Do you want a job where you have lots of power and your decisions impact thousands of people? You want to be the real policymaker and even oversee implementation of policy decisions – Go for civil services. Civil services officers form the backbone of the massive government machinery and hold very senior positions.

These services are divided into the following:

  1. All India Services which comprises Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service.
  2. Central Services comprises Indian Railway Service, Indian Foreign Service and Accountants and Auditing Services (Indian Revenue Service, Indian Civil Accounts Service, Indian Defence Accounts Service and Indian Audit and Account Service).


  • One can appear in the civil service examination after graduation though the government is mulling the idea of lowering the eligibility to Class XII. The pattern of the exam is as follows:
  • CSAT
  • Main examination (Subjective type)
  • Final Interview

Personal Characteristics

  • Idealism

  • Emotional stability

  • Personal integrity

  • Ability to interact with different kinds of people

  • Ability to handle power and authority

Employment Opportunities

  • The entrants undergo two sessions of training over one year after completion of which at the academy, the probationers, as they are called, are sent to the state allotted to them, for practical training. At the end of this training, they return to the academy for a second spell of training. This session involves discussion on administrative problems that the probationers have encountered or observed during the work of practical training in state. Thereafter, they take up positions intheir departments.

Tips for Success

  • Read newspapers daily especially the editorial pages. Go through NCERT books of Class XI and XII for the subjects you are going to take.
  • Practice essay writing (about 2000 to 3000 words)
  • Brush up your general knowledge (Polity, Geography, History & Economics)
  • Put more emphasis on improving your English and one Indian Language.
  • Improve your basic skill of reasoning, information, and mathematical abilities.

Useful Websites



Do you want a job where you hobnob with the powerful and decision makers. Do you want to have a key position in the company- go for Company Secretary course. Company secretaries deal with matters relating to the company as a legal entity. They keep the company's records, advise Board of Directors on their legal obligations, complete tax returns and ensure that the company is complying with statutory legislation. They are also a link between the shareholders and management and convene the annual general meeting. Companies Act requires companies having a paid-up share capital of Rs. 50 lakhs or more to appoint a whole-time company secretary. All kinds of organizations whose affairs are conducted by boards, councils & other corporate structures, be it a company, association, trust, society or federation usually appoint a person who holds the qualification of company secretary, in key administrative positions. One can also start private practice and help in promotion, formation and incorporation of a new company or amalgamation, reorganization or winding up of others. He may act as an authorized representative of the company for filing, attesting or verifying a document or share transfer. After 10+2, (any stream) a student is eligible to do the CS Foundation Programme course. Thereafter, one needs to clear the CS Execuitive Programme. After graduation, one can directly do the CS Executive Programme. The last stage is the CS Professional Programme. In between, one also needs to undergo 15 months of on-the-job management training. So get into this course and help large corporates function effectively.

Personal Characteristics

  • Tactful

  • Loyal to company

  • Good communication skills

  • Ability to understand complex issues

Employment Opportunities

  • Banks
  • Corporates
  • CS Firms
  • Department of Company Affairs
  • Department of Public Enterprises
  • Stock Exchanges
  • Cooperative organizations


  • The Institute of Company Secretaries of India, Delhi


Do you want to guide people about their savings and investment? Then get into the banking sector. There has been a transformation in the services offered by banks who aggressively market their products and services nowadays. The newer set of services are credit cards, debit cards, all kinds of loans, merchant banking, portfolio management, leasing and venture financing. Corporate banking involves credit risk assessment, raising capital, mergers and acquisitions and all banking activities related to large organizations. Merchant banking deals specifically with management of mutual funds, public issues, international funds and other such instruments. Treasury and forex functions are becoming increasingly important in a bank. In treasury operations, you play around with money to generate better and better returns. Forex marketing is an inter-bank activity involving assessing various markets to advice corporates and other banks requiring currency. It's a high-risk, high- reward kind of a job. Futures, swaps and other tools are utilized in this functional area. The jobs available in a bank are varied: Customer servicing associates, clerks, managers, sales and marketing professionals and finance professionals. Private banks recruit people as trainees after graduation; for telecalling jobs one can be considered after Class XII. Managerial positions are available to those armed with an MBA or a PG course in banking. Specialized courses are available from national institute established by the Reserve Bank of India. Public sector banks recruit people through Banking Services Recruitment Board (BSRB). Bank PO exam is conducted for selecting managers, and clerical grades examination is held for junior positions.

Personal Characteristics

  • Honesty
  • Team Player
  • Customer handling skills
  • Patience 
  • Disciplined
  • Neatness in appearance and work

Top Institutes/ Universities/Colleges

  • National Institute of Bank Management (NIBM), Pune
  • Institute of Development and Research in Banking Technology (IDRBT),
  • Ethiraj College,Chennai
  • Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR), Mumbai
  • Jai Hind College,Mumbai
  • HR College,Mumbai
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi (BBA in Banking & 
  • MBA in finance from any reputed institute
  • Symbiosis,Pune ( BBA &  Finance &  Insurance Managment)


If you really love your Economics book and don't mind doing serious academic work then become an economist. The study of Economics will lead you to investigate the use of resources, their utilization, distribution and economicmanagement of scarce resources such as land, labour, raw materials and machinery. Economists research, collect and analyse data in varied situations. Business economists study how changes in economy influence changes in interest rates, say for a bank like the SBI or change in petrochemical prices for a corporate like Reliance. This information is used by the company's management in making decisions about company policies and planning future activities of the business. Financial economists study credit structures and collection methods and procedures to devise techniques for regulation of lending, fixing interest and discount rates. International economists collect and analyze statistical data and other information on foreign trade to effect favorable trade balances and establish acceptable international trade policies. Agriculture economists study economic aspects of agricultural problems pertaining to exploitation of rural resources and production and marketing for farm production and marketing for farm products in order to increase efficiency of farm management, improvement in farm income and influence favourable agricultural legislation. One can choose Economics as a subject in XI and XII. Those who didnot study it in Class XII are also eligible for graduation in for Economics(Hons). However, Maths is a pre-requisite. After Economics (Hons), one can do MBE ( Master in Business Economics) or MBA or banking courses to work with the corporates. MA Economics is also a good option if done from good universities like University of Delhi, Mumbai etc.

Personal Characteristics

  • Good Numerical Ability
  • Analytical Mind
  • Interest in Current affairs
  • Logical Thinking

Top Economics Institutes/universities

  • University of Delhi

  • Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata

  • Ambedkar University, Delhi

  • Symbiosis School of Economics, Pune

  • DTU. New Delhi

  • Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi

  • NMIMS, Mumbai

  • Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Indore

  • Benaras Hindu University, Varanasi

  • BITS, Pilani

  • University of Mumbai, Mumbai

  • Madras Christian College, Chennai

  • Loyola College, Chennai

  • Stell Maris College, Chennai

  • Ethiraj College, Chennai

  • St. Xavier's College, Kolkata

  • Presidency College, Kolkata

  • City College, Kolkata

  • Jadavpur University

  • Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi

  • Delhi School of Economics

  • Azim Premji University

  • Christ University

  • Shiv Nadar University


The waves of liberalization have hit the insurance sector and more than twelve multinational companies are now present in India. Earlier, life insurance was basically projected as a means of tax savings. The risk element involved in loss of life was never broached. However, all that is going to change. The pension and medical products are expected to see limitless growth. Let us understand the various kinds of jobs that are available. In the first place we have actuaries - people who create mathematical models to price new insurance products, calculate risks and cost of insuring. Second is surveyors - individuals who go to the scene of an accident/fire/theft and estimate the loss. Third is agents/sales professionals - people who seek and service clients. In fact, in developed countries, jokes abound about insurance sales people - who are chipkoos and don't go away till one buys an insurance product from them. Insurance companies like LIC and GIC recruit graduates (through a test) and train them on the job. Now private companies, particularly multinationals, would scout for trained professionals. A good numeracy skill is required to be successful in an insurance career. A major advantage is that it does not require any investment to start work. Another advantage is that insurance sales does not have time or territorial restraints. The earning is in proportion to the effort put in. You get 25% of first year's premium (on the policy sold) as commission. The agent further gets a renewal commission at the rate of V/2.% of the premium for the second and third years and at 5% for all subsequent premiums received under the policy. Companies like LIC now provide various facilities to its professional agents. For example, an agent who is a member of the Chairman's or Zonal Manager's Club, is provided with car, telephone, computer, office maintenance expenses and cheap housing loan. In case, the agent wants to join the company, he has the opportunity to become a development officer after passing a test and can rise to the position of branch manager or divisional manager.

Top Institutes

  • The Insurance Institute of India
  • National Insurance Academy
  • Actuarial Society of India
  • The Institute of Insurance Surveyors and Adjusters
  • IP University, Delhi (BBA- B&l)
  • Christ University
  • Mumbai University
  • Ethiraj College,Chennai
  • Jai Hind College, Mumbai


If you like proving your point, then why not choose a career where you do it all the time. Law is an emerging career option and individuals have started focusing onspecialized areas like insurance, cyber law, intellectual property law, international law, etc. Law has been one of the most important social institutions. You can practice in subordinate courts, administrative tribunals, high courts and the Supreme Court. Their practice pertains mainly to private matters, and public matters. Private matters are those related to the rights and obligations people have in their involvement with one another, or with civil law.

Public matters are those which deal with criminal cases as well as administrative, constitutional and international cases. The areas of
specialization in law are :

  • Cyber law: Deals with cyber crimes like hacking, IPR violation, credit card frauds, pornography, morphing, etc.
  • Corporate law: Addresses governance, branding, patents, employee/dealer agreements and is one of the fastest-growing areas.
  • Criminal: These people specialize in criminal matters such as theft, murder etc.
  • Real Estate: It deals with cases involving the property.
  • Civil law: It is applicable in matters of property, contract and commercial issues like family inheritance 
  • Tax law: Tax lawyers handle cases like income, wealth, gift tax, estate duty etc.
  • International law: It is a set of international relation legal rules observed by all the nations in relation to one another.
    Labour Law: It deals with the problems arising between the Management & the Labour of an organization.
  • Other: There are various other branches of law, which include family law, constitutional law, corporate law, excise law, custom, and transportation,
    environmental etc.
  • After 10+2 you can go for a five-year course offered by a number of national universities.
  • Alternatively, you can pursue a three-year course after graduation. Salaries depend on the specialization of a lawyer. Most associate trainees begin at Rs.35000 – Rs.40,000 per month. Corporate salaries may be Rs.60,000 – Rs.80,000. MNCs might pay up to Rs. 20 – Rs 25 lakhs per annum after experience. Corporate or criminal lawyers typically earn more than public lawyers.

Personal Characfersfics

  • Good intellect
  • Fluency and clear speech
  • Confident and convincing power
  • Unbiased approach
  • Ability to persuade
  • Ability to scrutinize

Top LAW Institutes

  • CLAT (NLSIU, NALSAR, HyderabadNLIU, Bhopal, WBNUJS, Kolkata,NLU,
    Jodhpur, HNLU-Raipur,GNLU, Gandhinagar, RMLNLU-Lucknow, GNUL-
    Patiala, CNLU-Patna, NUAIS-Kochi etc.)
  • NLU-Delhi
  • GLC, Mumbai (Three-year, and Five-year)
  • ILS, Pune (Five-year)
  • Symbiosis, Pune & Noida (Five-year)
  • NLU, Orissa
  • I P University, Delhi
  • Jamia Millia Isiamia, Delhi
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • DAW, Indore
  • Central University
  • Ambedkar Law University, Chennai
  • Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
  • Bharatiya Vidyapeeth, Pune
  • Army Institute of Law, Pune
  • GNDU, Amritsar


  • A new common law admission test (CLAT) for fourteen leading law universities is conducted under the aegis of the University Grants Commission. Aspiring lawyers have to take the two-hour CLAT consisting of objective-type questions on English language, general knowledge, basic mathematics, legal and logical reasoning. The combined brochure containing information about the fourteen law universities, the courses on offer and the eligibility criteria is posted on the official website of CLAT, www.clat.acJn.